Water Testing and Dialysis Water Analysis

Water is the most common liquid on Earth. It covers about 71.4% of the Earth. Pure water has no smell, taste, or colour. Lakes, oceans, and rivers are made of water. Its chemical formula is H2O, meaning that its molecule contains one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms that are connected by covalent bonds.

Water is essential to life; it plays a major role in our daily activity. The analysis of water becomes an important aspect in the new era of living.

MyTEST Lab with capable chemists who are always prepared to provide water testing and technical solutions to our customers.

Water testing included WHO Specification, Malaysia Food Act 25th Schedule, Syabas Specification, etc

 

Dialysis Water and Dialysate Fluids Testing

In haemodialysis, your blood is allowed to flow, a few ounces at a time, through a special filter that removes wastes and extra fluids. The clean blood is then returned to your body. Removing the harmful wastes and extra salt and fluids helps control your blood pressure and keep the proper balance of chemicals like potassium and sodium in your body.

Every week, haemodialysis patients are exposed to 400 L of water used for the production of dialysis fluids which, albeit with the interposition of a semi-permeable artificial membrane, come into direct contact with the bloodstream. It is therefore clearly important to know and monitor the chemical and microbiological purity of dialysis water.

Q1:   What is AAMI? 

A:  AAMI is the abbreviation of Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation which is a unique alliance of professionals and organisations dedicated to the understanding and beneficial use of the medical device technology.

Q2:  What are the AAMI standard specifications with reference to renal dialysis?

A:  AAMI standard specifications is a set of parameters testing set for a limit on Water and Dialysate fluids use for haemodialysis purposes to ensure the safety for dialysis patient.

Q3:   What is Regulation 313 of Private Healthcare Facilities and Services Act 2006   by Malaysia Ministry of Health(MOH)?

A:  The Regulation 313 of Private Healthcare Facilities and Services Act 2006 by Malaysia Ministry of Health (MOH) is a regulation set to monitor and regulate all the Water and Dialysate Fluids use for haemodialysis purposes. It helps to ensure the quality of water and Dialysate Fluids meet the standard set out by the authority.

Q4:   What does a Haemodialysis Centre and Haemodialysis Unit (of a hospital/medical centre) need to do to ensure their water and dialysate fluids meet the standard and quality set out by AAMI and Malaysia MOH?

A:  The need to make sure that the Water and Dialysate fluids used in their centre/ unit are meeting the set requirement by engaging a laboratory with Full ISO/IEC 17025 Accreditation on Sampling and Testing of their Water and Dialysate fluids in accordance to the AAMI and Regulation 313 of Private Healthcare Facilities and Services Act.

Q5:   How do a Haemodialysis Centre and a Haemodialysis Unit (of a Hospital / Medical centre) know that the laboratory that they engaged is Full ISO/IEC 17025 Accreditation on Sampling and Testing on doing their Water and Dialysate fluids?

A:  They can request a copy of the ISO/IEC 17025 certificate from the laboratory they engage for the sampling and testing to make sure all the requirements are there.

Q6:   What happens if the laboratory that is responsible for the sampling and testing of renal dialysis water and dialysate fluids is not fully ISO/IEC 17025 accredited? 

A: The laboratory that is responsible for the sampling and testing of renal dialysis water and dialysate fluids is not fully ISO/IEC 17025 accredited, the COA (Certificate of Analysis) issued by such laboratory may not be accepted and recognized by the authority and may also raise an issue during any audit conducted by the Ministry of Health (MOH).